## Math 642 Midterm Review — Spring 2017

The midterm for Math 642 will be held on Wednesday, March 22. The test
covers these sections from the text: 5.1, 5.2 (except 5.2.3-5.2.5),
5.4, 6.2.3, 6.2.4, 6.4, and 6.5.1.
**Calculus of Variations**

- Section 5.1
- Frechet and Gateaux derivatives, definitions.
- Be able to derive the Euler-Lagrange equations, using variational
calculations, for constrained and unconstrained problems that are
subject to various boundary conditions.
- Coordinate invariance of an extremal under change of
coordinates. Geodesics.

- Section 5.2
- Hamilton's principle; Lagrangians.
- Legendre transformations and Hamiltonians.
- Hamilton's equations; conserved quantities — angular
momentum, energy.
- Be able to derive Lagrangians and Hamiltonians for simple mechanical
systems, such as a mass subject to a central force (radial potential)
or a pendulum.

- Section 5.4
- Be able to use variation methods for finding eigenvalues and
eigenfunctions in a Sturm-Liouville problem, subject to various
boundary conditions.
- Minimum principle.
- Courant-Fischer minimax theorem; be able to sketch a proof.

** Complex variables**

- Section 6.2
- Cauchy's theorem, Cauchy's integral formulae.
- Taylor and Laurent series.
- Isolated singularities; classification: removable; pole of
order $m$; essential.
- Residues and the residue theorem.
- Isolation of zeros. Be able to prove the zeros of an analytic
function are isolated. Be able to use this to prove various
identities hold.

- Section 6.4
- Jordan's lemma. Be able to apply it and be able to prove it.
- Contour integration, with and without cuts.

- Section 6.5
- Gamma function
- Definition and extension to $\mathbb C \setminus \{0,-1,-2,\cdots\}$
- Fundamental identity (Keener, Eqn. 6.25). Be able to sketch a
proof.)

** Structure of the exam**

The test will have two parts. The in-class part will have 4 or 5
questions. You will be asked to state definitions and to do problems
similar
to
assigned homework problems and examples done in class. In
addition, you will be asked prove or sketch a proof for a major
theorem or lemma from the material covered by this test. The take-home
part will consist of computations and proofs of theorems.

Updated 3/14/17 (fjn).