Every program on the HP48G/GX must be inclosed by a pair of triangular braces, . This section has two demonstration programs. The first program will take a square matrix, A, a positive integer k, and compute the power of A. The second program will build a square matrix whose entries are the values of a function at prescribed points. Note, some of the program lines are ended with a dot and a phrase in italic font. These endings are for explanatory purposes only. They are not part of the code and should not be entered into a program.
A K store matrix and power as local variables
A SIZE 1 GET IDN determine dimension of A and get same
size identity matrix
K FOR I A * start FOR loop to compute powers of A
The structure of the program is fairly simple, however there are several pieces of syntax that need some explanation. If the loop is read as, For I from 1 to K
that piece of the program becomes clear. Note: right after the local variables are created another pair of triangular braces appear. The local variables are recognized only within this succeeding pair of braces, and these braces must be placed after local variables are created. Save the program as A.K.
To use this program place the square matrix whose power you want to compute on stack level 2 and the integer k on level 1. Then push the menu botton corresponding to A.K.
Using the HP48G/GX debugger, it is possible to run this program a step at a time. Push the keys: . Place a square matrix, 2 by 2 is convenient, in stack level 2, and the power k=3 in stack level 1. Now place A.K within tick marks on the command line. Push and then repeatedly push to step through the program one step at a time.
Our second program will construct a square matrix whose entry in the row and column is .
N create local variable which equals size of matrix
N FOR I
N FOR J ` ' NEXT
ARRY create row
N ROW build a matrix of N rows
Examine this program with the the HP48G/GX debugger also.