Critical points of a function of two variables are those points at which both partial derivatives of the function are zero. A critical point of a function of a single variable is either a local maximum, a local minimum, or neither. With functions of two variables there is a fourth possibility - a saddle point.
A point is a saddle point of a function of two variables if
at the point.
The surface shown below is the graph of
It has a saddle point at the origin.